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Instructional Language of Explicit Instruction

Explanation of the Strategy (Establish Purpose and Introduce Strategy)

  • Today we are going to learn about…
  • The reason we are going to learn about…
  • This is important because…
  • The strategy we are going to learn about is called: This means:
  • By the end of the lesson, you will be able to…

During Modeling of Strategy

  • I will show you how to…
  • This is how I remember what I'm reading…
  • This is what I thought…
  • I say to myself…
  • Do you see how I talk to myself as I read?
  • I knew right here (point to text) that…
  • As I was reading I realized…
  • As I was reading I wondered…
  • Now that I've read, I realize…
  • Now that I've read, I understand…
  • The secret to this is…
  • Before you read on your own, let me show you how I…

During Guided Practice of Strategy

  • Together we will practice…
  • We will read this together and I expect you to…

Reading along with a student:

  • What do you think here?
  • Does this section make sense?
  • What are you wondering?
  • What do you understand?
  • Point to a part that is clear / unclear to you.
  • How can you use your prior knowledge to help you?

Guiding a student who has been working independently:

  • I will check your thinking.
  • I noticed you marked (text). What were you thinking there?
  • So you wondered..(repeat student's words)
  • What made you ask that? Show me (point to text).
  • Explain to me why you…
  • Did you use clues from the text? Can you share these clues with me?
  • So, what you are saying is… (repeat student understanding)

Independent Use and Application of the Strategy

  • What strategy did we use today?
  • Explain to me how you used the process?
  • If you were to continue reading, what would you do to help yourself understand?
  • Ask yourself a question about the text. Check your understanding.
  • What new (idea / word) did you learn today? How did you know what the word meant?
  • Do you see how (strategy) helps you remember and understand what you read?
  • As you read on your own, I want you to continue to use (strategy). How will you do this?
  • How did using (strategy) help you today?
  • Where will you use (strategy) when you read on your own?
Last Updated: 3/6/17